BrewBlog: Second Runnings Saison
Specifics
Reference
Style:
Brewer: Chris Egolf
Brew Date: August 21, 2010
Tap Date: October 3, 2010
Yield: 10 gallons
Reference
Color (SRM/EBC):
8.5/16.8
Bitterness (Calc): 36.9 IBU (Tinseth)
BU/GU: 0.49
Calories: 240 (12 ounces)
ABV: 9.2%
ABW: 7.2%
OG: 1.075
OG (Plato): 18.2° P
Reading 1: 1.030  (10 days)
Reading 2: 1.008  (29 days)
FG: 1.006
FG (Plato): 1.54° P
Real Extract: 4.55° P
App. Atten.: 91.5%
Real Atten.: 75%
General Information
Method: All Grain

Obtained 10 gallons of second runnings wort from the Rockyard.  Originally, the gravity was supposed to be around 13 Brix (SG 1.051), but it ended up being about half that, or 6.5 Brix (SG 1.025).  The grist was made up of 96.8% Pilsner malt and 3.2% wheat malt.  Based on this, I calculated the  approximate grain bill for the 10 gallons and added additional grains that I mashed and combined with the wort.  

Since the gravity was lower than expected, I added some Extra Light DME and some Belgian Candi sugar.  I'll also add some table sugar about 2-3 days into fermentation since I don't want too many simple sugars right at the beginning.  

The DME and Belgian Candi sugar was added to some of the boiling wort and dissolved before being added back into the boil

I didn't have any CaraMunich, so I substituted some Crystal 40 and Belgian Aromatic.  

Additional Non-Fermentables:  2 g of crushed Grains of Paradise.

Comments

Mini-mash resulted in 5.75 gallons of 10 Brix (1.040) wort, for a total of (40*5.75) 230 GP.

With a total of about 16 gallons of wort, I had a long reduction boil to get down to about 11.25 gallons at flame out.  Measured OG was 15.4 Brix (1.061) with the refractometer.  Hydrometer measured 1.064 at 72F, which would be 1.065 adjusted for temperature.  Not sure how I ended up being so off in the estimates[1], unless the two kegs of wort were different gravities (I only measured one).

Once the table sugar is added, the adjusted OG should be around 1.075.  

[1] Gravity Point (GP) Breakdown:

Mini-mash wort: 230 GP

2nd Running wort @ 1.025: 10*25 = 250 GP

3 lb Light DME (44 ppg) = 3*44 = 132 GP

3 lb Table Sugar (sucrose, 36 ppg) = 3*36 = 108 GP

1 lb Belgian Candi Sugar (36 ppg) = 1 * 36 = 36 GP

230+250+132+108+36 = 756 GP in 15.75 gallons.

756/11.25 = 67.2 => 1.067. 

Take out the 3lb table sugar, you have 756-108 = 648.

648/11.25 = 57.6 => 1.058

I was about 10 points off in these calculations from the actual OG, pre-sugar addition.  Either I didn't get accurate readings from my hydrometer, or my ppg assumptions about the DME and Belgian Candi sugar are off.  The sugar had to come from somewhere.  

20100824 - Dissolved 3 lbs table sugar in 4 cups boiled water and allowed to cool.  Added half to each carboy, which worked out to about 3 1/2 cups in each.  Also moved to temperature controlled fridge and started raising temp 1 F per day until I reach 80F.  

20100831 - Day 10, currently at 78F and the SG has only dropped to 1.030.  This is pretty standard for this yeast strain (Wyeast says it will stall at about 1.035 and then pick up given enough time and temp).  I'm going to start raising this about 2 deg F each day until I'm close to 90 F and see what happens.  The temp range on this yeast is 70-95 F!  OBTW, even though it's still pretty sweet, the flavor and aroma is spot on.  Note: Sample take from the carboy w/o the thermowell.  

20100912 - Day 22, a few days after bring the temp back down after being as high as 88F, a sample from carboy w/ the the thermowell is 1.016 @76F. Also took a sample from the other carboy, and the gravity is the same.  At least I know they're both behaving similarly.  Temp currently set to 80F, so Ill leave there for another week and see if it drops any further.  

20100919 - Day 29, SG dropped to 1.008 and the sweetness is gone.  Very dry, but still with a lot of the Saison character.  Lowered temp to 75F and plan to keep it there for another week before removing it from temp control and racking to secondary for a while until kegs free up. 

Scale Recipe
Enter desired final yield (volume):
 gallons  
Extract
3.00 pounds DME - Extra Light 15.2% of grist
3.00 pounds Total Extract Weight 15.2% of grist
Reference
Malts and Grains
9.00 pounds 45.6% of grist
0.25 pounds 1.3% of grist
4.00 pounds 20.3% of grist
3.00 pounds 15.2% of grist
0.25 pounds 1.3% of grist
0.25 pounds 1.3% of grist
16.75 pounds 84.8% of grist
Adjuncts
1.00 pounds Candi Sugar, Amber  
3.00 pounds Sucrose (Table Sugar)  
Non-Fermentables
3 oranges, 1 grapefruit Sweet Orange Peel @ 5 minutes  
40 g Coriander Seed @ 5 minutes  
2 Star Anise @ 5 minutes  
2 tablets Whirlfloc @ 15 minutes  
Reference
Hops
2.00 ounces 5.2% Pellets @ 90 minutes
Type: Bittering
Use: Boil
10.4 AAUs
2.00 ounces 3.8% Pellets @ 60 minutes
Type: Bittering
Use: Boil
7.6 AAUs
2.00 ounces 3.8% Pellets @ 30 minutes
Type: Bittering and Aroma
Use: Boil
7.6 AAUs
2.00 ounces 5.2% Pellets @ 5 minutes
Type: Aroma
Use: Boil
10.4 AAUs
8.00 ounces Total Hop Weight 36 AAUs
Boil
Total Boil Time: 90 minutes
Reference
Yeast
Name: Belgian Saison
Manufacturer: Wyeast
Product ID: 3724
Type: Ale
Flocculation: Low
Attenuation: 78%
Temperature Range: 70–95°F
Amount: 1500 ml
Equipment Profile

My Equipment [cegolf]

Batch Size: 10.00 gallons Boil Volume: 12.55 gallons
Evaporation Rate: 10.0% per hour Mash Tun Dead Space: 0.8 gallons
Efficiency: 70% Mash Tun Weight: 9.00 pounds
Hop Utilization: 100% Mash Tun Volume: 10.00 gallons
Loss: 1.5 gallons Mash Tun Specific Heat: 0.30 Cal/gram per °C
Mash Profile

Single Step Temperature Mash, Light Bodied Beer

Grain Temperature: 72°F Tun Temperature: 72°F
Sparge Temperature: 168°F PH: 5.4
Notes:

Mash with a direct heat source to maintain temperature.

Steps

# Name Type Time Temp. Description
1 Saccharification Infusion 75 min. 150°F

Add 100% of mash water at 162° F / 72° C

2 Mash Out Temperature 10 min. 168°F

Heat to 168° F / 75° C for at least 10 minutes

Water Profile

Parker, CO

Calicum: 66.4 ppm
Bicarbonate: 205 ppm
Sulfate: 69.8 ppm
Chloride: 43.5 ppm
Sodium: 54.1 ppm
Magnesium: 9.5 ppm
PH: 5.4%
Fermentation
Primary: 14 days @ 80° F
Secondary: 14 days @ 70° F
Tasting Reviews
print logprint default Output to Beer XML
Awards & Competitions
Entry Name: Second Runnings Saison
Competition: Big Beers, Belgians and Barleywines
Date: Jan 8, 2011
Style: Saison
Place: 2nd (Silver)
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